2 historical cities
+ 2 USAAF targets
+ 2 B-24 memorials
+ 2 Nazi camps
= 7 days
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We will start in Kraków, and we will see the Royal Castle and the Cathedral on the Wawel Hill. We will take a tour of Krakow Old Town in an electric cart. We will visit the market square with a historical trade hall, St. Mary's Church, and an underground exhibition about medieval Kraków.
This day is related to the USAAF bombing of IG Farben in Auschwitz on September 13th, 1944. We will visit memorials to two B-24 crews who were shot down on this date. One was from the 485th (we will see the crash site) and the other from the 460th Bomb Group. We will also see a Polish-American museum in Wadowice.
We will visit Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp where 1 million Jews were murdered, together with 70,000 non-Jewish Poles, and 30,000 people from other nationalities. We will also see where the IG Farben Auschwitz chemical factory was, which was bombed 3 times by the USAAF in 1944.
On this day we will leave Krakow and go to Kędzierzyn-Koźle, known in World War Two as Blechhammer. The town's synthetic fuel factories were at the extreme range of the USAAF bombers, and were heavily defended by anti-aircraft guns. We will see the factories, a former slave labor camp, and the museum dedicated to the 15th Air Force.
After staying overnight in Wrocław, we will continue west to Żagań. We will visit a museum dedicted to POW camps. It is located where the Stalag Luft III was. This camp was known from The Great Escape. We will see a reconstructed POW hut, foundations of the camp's buildings, and where the main Great Escape tunnel (Harry) was.
We will visit Wrocław's magnificent Main Square, with a place that has been serving beer since 1275. We will see "Panorama Racławicka" (1894) which is a giant 360 degree painting best viewed from a centrally located viewing platform. On the way to Kraków, we will visit mountain tunnel systems at Walim built by the Nazis in 1943 and 1944.
We will go to a historical Salt Mine in Wieliczka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Then we will visit a museum in Schindler's factory, made famous by Spielberg's "Schindler's List". We will end the day in Kazimierz, Kraków's Jewish district, where we will see a medieval Gothic style synagogue.